Bone raw material and variations in the low Parana during late Holocene

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  • Bone raw material and variations in the low Parana during late Holocene

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Title


Bone raw material and variations in the low Parana during late Holocene

Subject

S6-1, Raw and Worked Osseous Materials, oral

Description

Abstract:

During late Holocene, different hunter-gatherer groups cohabited in the low Parana wetland. Because of environmental conditions, mobility strategies of groups and the time span considered, nowadays we found various archaeological sites distributed across the landscape. In this paper we analyse assemblages from Anahi, Garin, Vizcacheras, Guazunambi, La Bellaca I, La Bellaca II, Punta Canal and Cerro Lutz.

All of them have high numbers of bone tools classified in different morpho-functional groups: harpoons, bipoints, drilled points, projectile points, awls, smoothers and hooks of spearthrowers. The aim of this paper is to explore the variability that each group shows across the landscape. If similarities among sites can be interpreted as analogous responses to equivalent environmental conditions in a context shaped by the same evolutionary processes, differences deserve a complex discussion, proposing particular explanations to specific cases. For example, in some groups morphologic differences are the result of artifactual reactivation but in others, they are undoubtedley linked to stylistic divergences.

The outcomes of this study pose the focus in other theoretical and methodological questions. For example, the variability registered compels to reconsider those conditions required to define a morpho-functional group and to establish the degree of variation allowed. In the other hand, we discuss how this heterogeneity is articulated in the local model proposed to understand the way of life of hunter-gatherers at the moment of the European contact. In the end, we deal with the scope in which selection of bones and the available technology limit tools design. From that base, we discuss the significance of stylistic demarcation.

Authors:

BUC Natacha

Affiliations

CONICET-INAPL, Loponte Daniel, 3 de Febrero 1370, 1426, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, natachabuc@hotmail.com

Creator

Buc, Natacha

Date

August 2010

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Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Buc, Natacha. " Bone raw material and variations in the low Parana during late Holocene ," in BoneCommons, Item #1008, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1008 (accessed August 9, 2020).