Palaeodiet reconstruction of domestic animals in Taosi site, China: an investigation of Neolithic animal feeding strategy

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  • Palaeodiet reconstruction of domestic animals in Taosi site, China: an investigation of Neolithic animal feeding strategy

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Title

Palaeodiet reconstruction of domestic animals in Taosi site, China: an investigation of Neolithic animal feeding strategy

Subject

S5-1, The biogeochemical study of animal remains: integrating isotopic and trace elements analyses to zooarchaeology, oral

Description

Abstract:

According to the latest zooarchaeological data, husbandry played a diverse social and economic role in the Yellow River valley in Late Neolithic. Accompanied by animal exploitation, livestock management also turned to be more complicated than before. However, compared with the former, few documents focus on animal feeding practices carried out by Neolithic inhabitants in the region.

Taosi (4600~3900BP, ~300ha in area), the largest Neolithic earth-rammed-wall site in the Yellow River valley, is believed to be an economic and political centre in Linfen Basin, which was presumably the capital of Tang Yao. For natural vegetation characterized by C3 plants while C4 millets were cultivated as a staple of human consumption and fodder for domestic animals, the measurement of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes of collagen of four domestic species (dogs, pigs, sheep, and cattle) from Taosi has allowed the examination of feeding strategies, as well as the relationship between husbandry and millet agriculture.

The results clearly show that dogs and pigs were fed on C4 foods, which has been referred by previous work. Besides, an interesting phenomenon is first noticed that, while C3 plants dominated sheep’s forage, C4 plants was in ascendant of cattle’s. Therefore, we propose the forms of ruminant rearing were complicated in Taosi. Additionally, the elevated 13C values observed for dogs, pigs, and cattle could be attributed to husbandry’s heavy reliance on millet agriculture.

Authors:

CHEN Xianglong1, YUAN Jing2, HU Yaowu3, HE Nu4 and WANG Changsui5

Affiliations

1 The Joint Lab of Human Evolution and Archaeometry & Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Xizhimenwai Street 142, Xicheng District, Beijing 100044, China; Graduate University, CAS, Yuquan Road 19, Shijingshan District , Beijing 100049, China, chenxianglong09@hotmail.com
2 Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), 27 Wangfujing Street, Beijing 100710, China, yuanjing@cass.org.cn
3 Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, Graduate University, CAS, Yuquan Road 19, Shijingshan District , Beijing 100049, China, ywhu@gucas.ac.cn
4 Institute of Archaeology, CASS, 27 Wangfujing Street, Beijing 100710, China
5 Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, Graduate University, CAS, Yuquan Road 19, Shijingshan District , Beijing 100049, China, cswang@gucas.ac.cn

Creator

Chen, Xianglong
Yuan, Jing
Hu, Yaowu
He, Nu
Wang, Changsui

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Chen, Xianglong, Yuan, Jing, Hu, Yaowu, He, Nu and Wang, Changsui. "Palaeodiet reconstruction of domestic animals in Taosi site, China: an investigation of Neolithic animal feeding strategy ," in BoneCommons, Item #1036, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1036 (accessed August 7, 2020).

License

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File: S5-1_24-08_CHEN.ppt