Medullary bones in goose remains: a reliable indicator of domestic individual in the temperate zone

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  • Medullary bones in goose remains: a reliable indicator of domestic individual in the temperate zone

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Title

Medullary bones in goose remains: a reliable indicator of domestic individual in the temperate zone

Subject

S5-2, S6-3, General session, poster

Description

Abstract:

Wild geese breed in the Arctic zone, and winter in the temperate zone (such as Japan, South and East Asia, and Southern Europe). When goose remains from archaeological sites in the temperate zone are proved to be dead in their breeding season, the bones are strongly suggested to be domestic birds. Medullary bones are secondary woven bony tissue that forms in the marrow cavity of breeding female birds. It forms one or two weeks before producing the first egg and disappeared one or two weeks after producing eggs. Because wild geese stay at breeding region for about three months after egg production, medullary bones would be disappeared before arriving at stopover and wintering areas. Therefore, medullary bone in goose remains from non-breeding region would be a reliable indicator of domestic birds. So far, we observed marrow cavities of goose remains from 12 archaeological sites in Japan (BC 6000-AD 1850) and found out medullary bone at two femora from Oranda-shokan-ato site (AD 1650-1850). The medullary bones were confirmed by histological analysis using Alcian blue, a dye staining glycosaminoglycan (main component of medullary bone matrix) sky-blue. The results suggest that two femora were from domestic geese. In the literature, domestic geese were kept from AD 700 and were common after AD 1600. The low rate of observed medullary bone in the samples would be explained by small number of domestic geese in Japan, or by butchering plans in which breeding females were not eaten.

Authors:

EDA Masaki1, YASHIMA Shoji2 and INOUÉ Takao3

Affiliations

1 Division of Morphological Analysis, Department of Functional, Morphological and Regulatory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Nishi-machi 86, Yonago, Tottori, 683-8503, Japan, edamsk@med.tottori-u.ac.jp
2 Technical Support Division, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Nishi-machi 86, Yonago, Tottori, 683-8503, Japan.
3 Division of Morphological Analysis, Department of Functional, Morphological and Regulatory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Nishi-machi 86, Yonago, Tottori, 683-8503, Japan

Creator

Eda, Masaki
Yashima, Shoji
Inoué, Takao

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Eda, Masaki, Yashima, Shoji and Inoué, Takao. "Medullary bones in goose remains: a reliable indicator of domestic individual in the temperate zone ," in BoneCommons, Item #1110, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1110 (accessed November 18, 2019).

License

Creative Commons License

File: Eda_et_al_poster.pdf