Coastal hunter-fisher-gatherer social archaeozoology: the constitution of Pacific Northwest Coast identities

icaz_paper_icon.jpg

All Titles

  • Coastal hunter-fisher-gatherer social archaeozoology: the constitution of Pacific Northwest Coast identities

Dublin Core

Title

Coastal hunter-fisher-gatherer social archaeozoology: the constitution of Pacific Northwest Coast identities

Subject

S6-2, Grounding social zooarchaeology:
bringing methodology to bear on social questions, poster

Description

Abstract:

Analysis of fine screened animal bone and Pacific salmon ancient DNA recovered from shell midden sites in the southern Strait of Georgia on the Pacific Northwest Coast, together with other kinds of material culture, provide detailed information on subsistence practice, site use, social interaction and identity. This paper focuses on a case study of the Pender Canal shell midden site situated on Pender Island, in the southern Gulf Islands of British Columbia, Canada. Results from recent column sample faunal analysis are considered in conjunction with animal bone previously identified from 6.4 mm mesh screening and initial column sample analysis of site matrices during research directed by Roy Carlson and Diane Hanson of Simon Fraser University. Alongside previously documented site characteristics, new archaeozoological and ancient DNA species identification data are employed in a discussion of site activities, ranging from fishing to ceremonial events. The performance of these tasks and their social implications at Pender Canal are contextualized with a survey of similar datasets from contemporary shell midden sites in the local landscape. Temporal patterns in small fish remains and ancient salmon DNA at Pender Canal correspond well with changes in land use during the last 2500 years identified through an examination of southern Strait of Georgia regional data. These events are important to a discussion of the formation of Indigenous social relationships and identities.

Authors:

EWONUS Paul1 and SPELLER Camilla2

Affiliations

1 Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK; pae26@cam.ac.uk
2 Ancient DNA Laboratory, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, B.C. V5A 1S6, Canada; cfspelle@sfu.ca

Creator

Ewonus, Paul
Speller, Camilla

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Ewonus, Paul and Speller, Camilla. "Coastal hunter-fisher-gatherer social archaeozoology: the constitution of Pacific Northwest Coast identities ," in BoneCommons, Item #1122, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1122 (accessed December 13, 2019).

License

Creative Commons License