Evidence of mammoth bone-grease manufacture within a 27 ka BP Gravettian encampment at Krems an der Donau (Lower Austria)?

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  • Evidence of mammoth bone-grease manufacture within a 27 ka BP Gravettian encampment at Krems an der Donau (Lower Austria)?

Dublin Core

Title

Evidence of mammoth bone-grease manufacture within a 27 ka BP Gravettian encampment at Krems an der Donau (Lower Austria)?

Subject

S4-3, Hominin Subsistence in the Old World
during the Pleistocene and Early Holocene, oral

Description

Abstract:

Sampled bones from the Krems-Hundssteig loess quarry in the years 1893-1904 and a small scale emergency excavation in 1930 at Krems-Wachtberg, ca. 90-150 m away, indicated an importance of the woolly mammoth. The rescue excavations 2000-02 at Krems-Hundssteig provided more detailed insights into the 27.5 ka BP camp spatial distribution, concerning bone size categories, body-part preferences and the age and season at death of prey animals. Processing zones, small fire-places with snack-like bone waste and a larger discard area could be identified, but no distinct dwelling structure was found. Mammoth limb bones with cleaving scars as well as anatomical units were discovered at the discard zone.

In 2005, the new Krems-Wachtberg excavations started, very close to the 1930 area. The most striking finds up till now are three infant burials and a compacted living floor that includes a one meter wide hearth with pits dug into the loess subsoil. It contains 100s of partly burnt compact bones flakes with helical fracture morphology, and 10,000s tiny, burnt fragments of compact as well as of cancellous bone. The analysis has resulted in the interpretation of the patterns as being produced during bone-grease manufacture and by subsequent burning of the waste. The mammoth, by its dominant NISP as well as by reconstructed MNI was a focal game. It was followed by horse, reindeer, and ibex. The conclusions were tested against the hypothesis of destruction of the bones merely for fuel.

Authors:

FLADERER Florian A.1,2, SALCHER-JEDRASIAK Tina1, HÄNDEL Marc1 and SIMON Ulrich1

Affiliations

1 Prehistoric Commission, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Fleischmarkt 22, 1010 Vienna, AUSTRIA
2 Department of Palaeontology, University of Vienna, Geocenter, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, AUSTRIA florian.fladerer@oeaw.ac.at

Creator

Fladerer, Florian A.
Salcher-Jedrasiak, Tina
Händel, Marc
Simon, Ulrich

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Fladerer, Florian A., Salcher-Jedrasiak, Tina, Händel, Marc and Simon, Ulrich. "Evidence of mammoth bone-grease manufacture within a 27 ka BP Gravettian encampment at Krems an der Donau (Lower Austria)? ," in BoneCommons, Item #1137, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1137 (accessed December 7, 2019).

License

Creative Commons License

File: S4-3_27-08_FLADERER.pdf