Double farrowing and feeding practices during the second Iron Age in Région Centre, France: Isotopic contribution to Celtic pig husbandry

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  • Double farrowing and feeding practices during the second Iron Age in Région Centre, France: Isotopic contribution to Celtic pig husbandry

Dublin Core

Title

Double farrowing and feeding practices during the second Iron Age in Région Centre, France: Isotopic contribution to Celtic pig husbandry

Subject

S2-2, Animal husbandry across the Iron Age to Roman transition: archaeozoological evidence, poster

Description

Abstract:

Conventional archaeozoological methods have revealed the occurrence, in ancient Gaul, of zootechnics improvements during the course of the second Iron Age, reflecting an intensification of pork production. Pig husbandry not only supported a growing population, thus contributing to the revival of an urbanization process, but produced also extra-stock for exportation. Nowadays, isotopic analysis methodology allow us to address issues such as breeding and feeding practices, specifically interesting for pig breeding, due to the biology of this species. Birth seasonality and diet can be investigated by analysis of stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios respectively, in pig teeth (inferior incisives, canines and molars), by sampling a sequence of horizontal bands of enamel from the top to the bottom of the tooth crown. In order to understand how the isotopic signal is recorded during the crown formation, we have undertaken the establishment of the first modern comparative. This referential includes free ranging traditionnal corsican pigs, and corsican wild boars. Once the factors of the isotopic variation in teeth enamel is better understood, the ultimate goal is to compare this modern dataset with celtic pigs of Levroux (Indre, France), where previous studies have shown changes in slaughtering strategies. The objective is to evidence, in the celtic pigs, if wether or not this evolution, occurring from the IInd century BC to the Ist century AD, is correlated with changes in diet and birth management.

Authors:

FREMONDEAU Delphine1, HORARD-HERBIN Marie-Pierre², CUCCHI Thomas3, TRESSET Anne4 and BALASSE Marie5

Affiliations

1 UMR 7209/USM 303, CNRS/MNHN, INEE/Dpt EGB, Archéozoologie, archéobotanique : sociétés, pratiques, environnement, 55 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France. fremondeau@mnhn.fr
2 Université de Tours, laboratoire Archéologie et Territoire, UMR 6173 (CITERES), MSH, 33-35 avenue de Lesseps, 37200 Tours, marie-pierre.horard-herbin@univ-tours.fr
3 UMR 7209/USM 303, CNRS/MNHN, INEE/Dpt EGB, Archéozoologie, archéobotanique : sociétés, pratiques, environnement, 55 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France. cucchi@mnhn.fr
4 CNRS, USM 303/UMR 7209, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, bâtiment d’anatomie comparée, case postale 56, 55 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, atresset@mnhn.fr
5 UMR 7209/USM 303, CNRS/MNHN, INEE/Dpt EGB, Archéozoologie, archéobotanique : sociétés, pratiques, environnement, 55 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France. balasse@mnhn.fr

Creator

Fremondeau, Delphine
Horard-Herbin, Marie-Pierre²
Cucchi, Thomas
Tresset, Anne
Balasse, Marie

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Fremondeau, Delphine, Horard-Herbin, Marie-Pierre², Cucchi, Thomas, Tresset, Anne and Balasse, Marie. "Double farrowing and feeding practices during the second Iron Age in Région Centre, France: Isotopic contribution to Celtic pig husbandry," in BoneCommons, Item #1145, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1145 (accessed August 7, 2020).

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File: Fremondeau&al.-posterICAZ.pdf