Bone differential survivorship and ontogenic development in guanaco (Lama guanicoe)

All Titles

  • Bone differential survivorship and ontogenic development in guanaco (Lama guanicoe)

Dublin Core

Title

Bone differential survivorship and ontogenic development in guanaco (Lama guanicoe)

Subject

S7-1. New perspectives on taphonomy, oral

Description

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of a taphonomic research program conducted during the last four years. The main objective of this program was to investigate differential survivorship in guanaco (Lama guanicoe) bones taking into account the ontogenetic development of this species and the densitometric characteristics of its skeletal parts. In the first place, density analysis was carried out from selected bones of modern individuals corresponding to different age classes. Secondly, two experimental designs were conducted to explore the responses of bones from animals of different ages to weathering and fluvial transport. The first study is a long term experiment that intends to examine the deterioration of skeletal elements from a newborn, a juvenile and an adult modern guanaco exposed at the same time to sub-aerial weathering under controlled conditions. The second experiment examined the hydrodynamic sorting of dry and wet skeletal elements from a newborn, a juvenile and an adult modern guanaco in an artificial flume under controlled current velocities (15 cm/s and 30 cm/s). The main result of this research program indicates that immature bones have higher hydric transport potential and they weathered at a faster rate. We proposed that this differential bone behavior is partially related to their structural density as it evidenced by our density analysis. These results alert on the age-related biases in zooarchaeological assemblages affected by taphonomic processes.

Authors:

GONZÁLEZ Mariela, ÁLVAREZ María Clara, MASSIGOGE Agustina, GUTIÉRREZ María and KAUFMANN Cristian

Affiliations

CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales (UNCPBA). Avenida del Valle 5737, B7400JWI, Olavarría, Buenos Aires, Argentina, mgonzalez@soc.unicen.edu.ar, malvarez@soc.unicen.edu.ar, amassigo@soc.unicen.edu.ar, mgutierr@soc.unicen.edu.ar, ckaufman@soc.unicen.edu.ar

Creator

González, Mariela
Álvarez, María Clara
Massigoge, Agustina
Gutiérrez, María
Kaufmann, Cristian

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

González, Mariela, Álvarez, María Clara, Massigoge, Agustina, Gutiérrez, María and Kaufmann, Cristian. "Bone differential survivorship and ontogenic development in guanaco (Lama guanicoe) ," in BoneCommons, Item #1178, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1178 (accessed August 7, 2020).

License

Creative Commons License

File: S7-1_24-08_GONZALEZ.pdf