Economic role played by wild and domestic Camelids in sedentary villages of Northwestern Argentina

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  • Economic role played by wild and domestic Camelids in sedentary villages of Northwestern Argentina

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Title


Economic role played by wild and domestic Camelids in sedentary villages of Northwestern Argentina

Subject

S1-5, Advances in Neotropical Zooarchaeology, oral

Description

Abstract:

As the only large herd mammals that where domesticated in all the Americas, South American camelids have occupied a central role in the economic, social and ritual life of ancient hunter-gathers, herders and also farmers from the Andean region.

Within productive economies it becomes crucial to analyze the incidence of wild vs. domestic camelids in faunal assemblages. This is so because the predominance of certain strategies of resource acquisition or the presence-absence of some of them brings about differences in the logistical organization of the groups. One problem still poorly explored is the question of differences in the management of camelid species by societies of the highlands (Puna) with respect to the ones from the mesothermal valleys. Usually it is accepted that in the economy of the latter, agriculture had a major impact, but it is evident that herding and hunting also played a role still unclear.

For that reason, and with the purpose of understanding past relations between humans and camelids, the aim of this work is to compare use tendencies of these animals in sedentary villages situated at different ecological zones of Northwestern Argentina dating from Formative period onwards (ca. 2300 years BP). This objective is achieved trough the evaluation of different zooarchaeological indicators such as: size variation observed in camelids, their assignment to age categories and different indices of skeletal element abundance.

Authors:

GRANT Jennifer1 and OLIVERA Daniel2

Affiliations

1 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano (INAPL). 3 de Febrero 1378, Argentina, Jennygrant62@yahoo.com.ar
2 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano (INAPL), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA). 3 de Febrero 1378, Argentina, deolivera@gmail.com

Creator

Grant, Jennifer
Olivera, Daniel

Date

August 2010

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Citation

Grant, Jennifer and Olivera, Daniel. " Economic role played by wild and domestic Camelids in sedentary villages of Northwestern Argentina ," in BoneCommons, Item #1188, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1188 (accessed August 7, 2020).