The evolution of pig domestication in post-Neolithic (Copper-Bronze-Iron Age) Spain

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  • The evolution of pig domestication in post-Neolithic (Copper-Bronze-Iron Age) Spain

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Title


The evolution of pig domestication in post-Neolithic (Copper-Bronze-Iron Age) Spain

Subject

S5-2, S6-3, General session, oral

Description

Abstract:

While the origins of pig domestication in Europe, especially in the context of neolithisation, have attracted relatively intense research interest, the same is not true for the evolution of pig domestication in post-Neolithic periods (Copper, Bronze and Iron Ages). This has been insufficiently investigated, despite the availability of more and larger assemblages. In this presentation, elements of the pig-human relationship during the third (Copper Age), second (Bronze Age) and first (Iron Age) millennia BC in Spain is explored. Various Copper, Bronze and Iron Age Spanish assemblages are discussed to gain insights in the age and sex structure, biometric characteristics and health condition of pig populations in each period. Once synthesised and compared with relevant assemblages from other countries and chronological periods, the results offer interesting insights in post-Neolithic pig husbandry and wild boar hunting in Spain. Compared to the diversity observed for the Neolithic, pig husbandry evolved to be more uniform and intensive. The age and sex profiles show increased rationality in the exploitation of pigs, while biometry indicates that already from the Copper Age, domestic and wild pigs were morphologically distinct. Despite the overall tendency towards intensification, interesting minor differences between periods and sites are also revealed, such as the different degree of reliance on domestic pigs, the different significance of wild boar hunting and minor differences in husbandry strategies.

Authors:

HADJIKOUMIS Angelos

Affiliations

University of Sheffield, Department of Archaeology, Northgate House, West Street, Sheffield, S1 4ET, United Kingdom, A.Hadjikoumis@sheffield.ac.uk

Creator

Hadjikoumis, Angelos

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Hadjikoumis, Angelos. " The evolution of pig domestication in post-Neolithic (Copper-Bronze-Iron Age) Spain ," in BoneCommons, Item #1204, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1204 (accessed October 21, 2019).