The fauna of the Gravettian site of Roccia San Sebastiano (Mondragone, Caserta, Italy)

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  • The fauna of the Gravettian site of Roccia San Sebastiano (Mondragone, Caserta, Italy)

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Title

The fauna of the Gravettian site of Roccia San Sebastiano (Mondragone, Caserta, Italy)

Subject

S5-2, S6-3, General session, poster

Description

Abstract:

This paper shows the analysis of animal remains from the Gravettian levels (dated to 19.570±210 years BP) of the cave of Roccia San Sebastiano. The faunal associations suggest the presence of a large coastal plain with Bos primigenius, Equus hydruntinus and E. ferus, a wooded region with Cervus elaphus, Sus scrofa and Capreolus capreolus, and rocky areas with Rupicapra sp. and Capra ibex. Birds are well represented, the most common species being the Pyrrhocorax graculus, Perdix perdix and Alectoris graeca.

The analysis of hundreds of thousands (13 Kg) of bone fragments smaller than one centimetre revealed that the entirety shows signs of burning at different temperatures, thus indicating the use of bones as combustible material.

The analysis of bone surfaces of red deer, aurochs, chamois, equids, revealed cuts caused by stone tools, impact areas and percussion cones. These marks show that some of the butchering phases occurred within the site.

Authors:

RUIU Francesca Daniela1, FIORE Ivana1, GALA Monica1, TAGLIACOZZO Antonio1, COLLINA Carmine2, PENNACCHIONI Massimo2 and PIPERNO Marcello2

Affiliations

1 Soprintendenza al Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico “L. Pigorini”, Sezione di Paleontologia del Quaternario e Archeozoologia,
P.le G. Marconi 14, 00144 Roma, Italy. E-mail: antonio.tagliacozzo@beniculturali.it
2 Dipartimento Scienze dell’Antichità, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy.

Creator

Ruiu, Francesca Daniela
Fiore, Ivana
Gala, Monica
Tagliacozzo, Antonio
Collina, Carmine
Pennacchioni, Massimo
Piperno, Marcello

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Ruiu, Francesca Daniela, Fiore, Ivana, Gala, Monica, Tagliacozzo, Antonio, Collina, Carmine, Pennacchioni, Massimo and Piperno, Marcello. "The fauna of the Gravettian site of Roccia San Sebastiano (Mondragone, Caserta, Italy) ," in BoneCommons, Item #1504, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1504 (accessed December 13, 2019).

License

Creative Commons License

File: Ruiu_etal_Roccia_fauna_ICAZ2010_Poster.pdf