Coastal Southwest Florida’s Archaeological Shell Middens/Mounds as Records of Human Relationships with Climate and Sea-Level Change: A.D. 1 – 1500

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  • Coastal Southwest Florida’s Archaeological Shell Middens/Mounds as Records of Human Relationships with Climate and Sea-Level Change: A.D. 1 – 1500

Dublin Core

Title

Coastal Southwest Florida’s Archaeological Shell Middens/Mounds as Records of Human Relationships with Climate and Sea-Level Change: A.D. 1 – 1500

Subject

S3-1, Climate Change, Human Response, and Archaeozoology, poster

Description

Abstract:

The archaeological Pineland Site Complex in subtropical coastal southwest Florida is located along a low-lying shoreline facing a broad, inshore, shallow-water bay rich with fish and shellfish resources. Given this context—one so sensitive to environmental change—Pineland represents an opportunity to examine past human relationships with climate and sea-level fluctuations. Results from extensive excavations and subsequent analyses of shell midden/mound deposits dating from A.D. 1 to 1500 indicate that both erratic and calm environmental episodes contributed significantly to Pineland’s chronology, settlement, and subsistence patterns. These episodes correlate with those known as the Roman Warm Period, Vandal Minimum (Dark Age), Medieval Warm Period, and Little Ice Age, episodes documented in numerous records around the greater North Atlantic region (including the Gulf of Mexico).

Authors:

WALKER Karen1, MARQUARDT William1, DEFRANCE Susan2, NEWSOM Lee3, SURGE Donna4 and WANG Ting4

Affiliations

1 Florida Museum of Natural History, POB 117800, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, kwalker@flmnh.ufl.edu, bilmarq@flmnh.ufl.edu
2 Department of Anthropology, POB 117305, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, sdef@anthro.ufl.edu
3 Department of Anthropology, 409 Carpenter Bldg, Penn State University, College Park, PA, 16802, lan12@psu.edu
4 Department of Geological Sciences, CB #3315, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, donna64@unc.edu, twang@email.unc.edu

Creator

Walker, Karen
Marquardt, William
Defrance, Susan
Newsom, Lee
Surge, Donna
Wang, Ting

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Walker, Karen, Marquardt, William, Defrance, Susan, Newsom, Lee, Surge, Donna and Wang, Ting. " Coastal Southwest Florida’s Archaeological Shell Middens/Mounds as Records of Human Relationships with Climate and Sea-Level Change: A.D. 1 – 1500 ," in BoneCommons, Item #1638, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1638 (accessed August 7, 2020).