Pig Husbandry Strategies During the Middle Neolithic in China : A Case-Study from Three Neolithic Sites in the Wei River Valley

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  • Pig Husbandry Strategies During the Middle Neolithic in China : A Case-Study from Three Neolithic Sites in the Wei River Valley

Dublin Core

Title

Pig Husbandry Strategies During the Middle Neolithic in China : A Case-Study from Three Neolithic Sites in the Wei River Valley

Subject

S4-1, Contributions of archaeozoology to the study of human societies in South, Southeast, and East Asia from the Paleolithic to the premodern era, poster

Description

Abstract:

Focus is on the subsistence economy of the Yangshao period in the Wei River Valley, how it developed through time and how it related to changing environmental & social configurations. Research is based on analysis of faunal remains from the Wayaogou site (6500-6000 BP), Shaanxi province, China. Pig & sika deer remains were studied in detail since they dominate the assemblage. For pig, its domesticated status was documented and husbandry strategies explored; for sika deer, hunting practices were studied. The subsistence systems, especially the balance between pig husbandry and sika deer hunting, were addressed.

Standard zooarchaeological methods were employed. For pigs, size change, culling patterns, body part representation, and archaeological evidence were used to infer domesticated status, husbandry regime and use. The study was enhanced by analysis of Linear Enamel Hypoplasia, which was used at Wayaogou & other Neolithic sites in the Wei River Valley to explore environmental conditions & husbandry practices. For sika deer, the age structure, size change, body part representation & bone modifications provide information on hunting strategies & selection, as well as on other uses of the animal, such as for bone tools.

A broader picture is gained if we can understand the role of animals in the emergence and development of agriculture in this region. Pig husbandry regimes varied between different periods and the balance between herding and hunting also changed through time.

Authors:

WANG Hua1, MARTIN Louise1, WANG Weilin2 and HU Songmei2

Affiliations

1 Institute of Archaeology, UCL, 31-34 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PY, UK, tcrnhwa@ucl.ac.uk; louise.martin@ucl.ac.uk
3 Shaanxi Provincial Institute, 3 Leyou Road, Xi-An, 710054, CHINA, wangweilin2000@yahoo.com.cn; songmeihu@yahoo.com.cn

Creator

Wang, Hua
Martin, Louise
Wang, Weilin
Hu, Songmei

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Wang, Hua, Martin, Louise, Wang, Weilin and Hu, Songmei. "Pig Husbandry Strategies During the Middle Neolithic in China : A Case-Study from Three Neolithic Sites in the Wei River Valley ," in BoneCommons, Item #1639, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1639 (accessed November 22, 2019).

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File: Wang_Pigs_Neolithic_China_ICAZ2010_Poster.pdf