Osseous artifacts from an Aurignacian child’s burial from Borsuka cave (southern Poland)

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  • Osseous artifacts from an Aurignacian child’s burial from Borsuka cave (southern Poland)

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Title

Osseous artifacts from an Aurignacian child’s burial from Borsuka cave (southern Poland)

Subject

S6-1, Raw and Worked Osseous Materials, poster

Description

Abstract:

The Borsuka Cave is located in the Szklarka river valley, constituting the southern part of the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. The most interesting material has been obtained from Layer VI. Within it 61 pendants and their fragments were found made of the incisors and canines of aurochs or steppe bison (Bos/Bison) and made of the incisors of moose (Alces alces). It may be assumed that they are remains of a necklace. A few deciduous human teeth were discovered also. Deciduous teeth were found separately: a left lateral upper incisor, right and left maxillary first molars, a left mandibular first molar and a part of cusp of deciduous molar. Diagnostic features and the same phase of dentition indicate that the teeth could have belonged to one individual. From a fragment of one of the pendants, AMS radiocarbon date of about 27 000 BP was obtained. It allows connecting the assemblage with the late Aurignacian settlement occurring in the territory of Central Europe. According to recent investigations of Aurignacian personal ornaments, the materials in question may reflect the systematic relationships that existed at ethno-linguistic level between different population clusters. Altogether with above-mentioned sites these materials mark an isolated zone embracing territories of Moravia and southern Poland. Discoveries of assemblages of this type are extremely rare for both the Aurigniacian and Upper Palaeolithic sites in general.

Authors:

WILCZYŃSKI Jarosław1, DIAKOWSKI Marcin2, WOJTAL Piotr1 and SZCZEPANEK Anita3

Affiliations

1 Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, 31-016 Kraków, Poland, wilczynski@isez.pan.krakow.pl, wojtal@isez.pan.krakow.pl
2 Institute of Archaeology, Wrocław University, Szewska 48, 50-139 Wrocław, Poland, m.diakowski@gmail.com
3 Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland, anita.szczepanek@uj.edu.p

Creator

Wilczyński, Jarosław
Diakowski, Marcin
Wojtal, Piotr
Szczepanek, Anita

Date

August 2010

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Citation

Wilczyński, Jarosław, Diakowski, Marcin, Wojtal, Piotr and Szczepanek, Anita. " Osseous artifacts from an Aurignacian child’s burial from Borsuka cave (southern Poland) ," in BoneCommons, Item #1648, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1648 (accessed August 9, 2020).