Cattle teeth: differences between first and second molars, and variability in the accessory pillar

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  • Cattle teeth: differences between first and second molars, and variability in the accessory pillar

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Cattle teeth: differences between first and second molars, and variability in the accessory pillar

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In the report on the cattle remains from Ferry Fryston, Yorkshire, two aspects of particular relevance to methods for studying age at death from cattle teeth were published. Differences in the morphology and size of first and second molars are described, which may allow loose teeth to be identified in most cases and therefore be more easily used in age estimates. And the height of the accessory pillar (the small pillar which sits between the first and second elements in molar teeth) was measured for all three molars and its variability shown. The variability was greatest in M3, which is used in some summary methods for defining older cattle. The work was published in Appendix 11, which is included here, with some additional tables, omissions, errata and photographs.

Jones, G G 2007 Variations of mandibular tooth accessory pillars, and metrical and morphological differences between M1 and M2, in the cattle associated with the chariot burial, in Brown, F, et al, The Archaeology of the A1(M) Darrington to Dishforth DBFO Road Scheme. Lancaster Imprints, Appendix 11, 618-625.

The author is grateful to Alan Lupton, Oxford Archaeology North, Lancaster, UK, for permission to put the work onto BoneCommons.

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Gillian Jones

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Gillian Jones

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Gillian Jones. "Cattle teeth: differences between first and second molars, and variability in the accessory pillar," in BoneCommons, Item #1808, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1808 (accessed August 5, 2020).

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File: Jones GG 2007 A1M App11 Cattle acc pillar M1 M2.pdf