Taphonomy and fishing at two contiguous coastal rockshelters in Panama (Images)

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  • Taphonomy and fishing at two contiguous coastal rockshelters in Panama (Images)

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Title

Taphonomy and fishing at two contiguous coastal rockshelters in Panama (Images)

Description

This paper competed for the 2006 Junior Researcher Open Zooarchaeology Prize.

Abstract: The scarcity of animal products negatively impacts nutrition in inland areas of the tropics, which lack large rivers. Consuming preserved marine fish compensates for this deficiency. In Panama, trading salt fish is documented ethnohistorically and inferred from the archaeozoological record. Zohar's ethno-archaeological research at Panamanian fishing villages around Parita Bay (central Pacific) identified how preparing fish for salting and sun-drying affects the fish skeleton physically and proportionally. We compare her data with the taphonomy of fish remains at two coastal rock-shelters located on a hill, now 2 km inland (Vampiros I and II). These sites have two contrasting occupations. In the lower horizon, (11,500-7800 BP), no bones were recovered. In the upper horizon (2200-1000 BP), bone and even cartilage is excellently preserved - an unusual situation in the humid tropics. We hypothesize that during the latter period, the two Vampiros shelters were used expressly for preparing inshore marine fish species for inland transport when local geomorphological conditions were particularly favourable for fishing in estuaries, on sandy beaches and around rocky islets.

Creator

Diana Carvajal, Richard Cooke, and Máximo Jiménez

Source

Carvajal_Images.pdf

Format

pdf

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Citation

Diana Carvajal, Richard Cooke, and Máximo Jiménez . "Taphonomy and fishing at two contiguous coastal rockshelters in Panama (Images)," in BoneCommons, Item #458, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/458 (accessed August 9, 2020).

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File: ../archive/files_download/carvajal_images_273.pdf