A new system for recording tooth wear on pig teeth and its application to the Neolithic assemblage of Durrington Walls (Wiltshire, UK) (Elizabeth Wright)

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  • A new system for recording tooth wear on pig teeth and its application to the Neolithic assemblage of Durrington Walls (Wiltshire, UK) (Elizabeth Wright)

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Title

A new system for recording tooth wear on pig teeth and its application to the Neolithic assemblage of Durrington Walls (Wiltshire, UK) (Elizabeth Wright)

Description

The recording of tooth wear is essential to the exploration of age in faunal assemblages. However, most tooth wear systems currently only apply to mandibular teeth, meaning that information from maxillary teeth and jaws is being neglected. For pig, the most commonly used system for mandibular teeth is that of Grant (1982). Bull and Payne (1982), however, laid out a different system which applied to both the upper and lower teeth, although the tooth wear stages distinguished only between initial enamel wear and dentine exposure. A modified version of this system was used to record teeth from the Durrington Walls 1966-67 excavations (as mentioned briefly by Albarella and Payne, 2005), but was never fully published. In 2004 the establishment of the Stonehenge Riverside Project meant that new material was available to record, and the relatively high number of maxillary teeth being uncovered highlighted the need to use these data. In this paper a modified and expanded version of the recording system used to record wear from the 1966-67 excavations will be presented and used to explore the topics of age at death and seasonality at Durrington Walls. The results provide an insight into seasonal killing at the site, as well as aspects of differential deposition of cranial elements which would not have been exposed through conventional studies of mandibular tooth wear. The author therefore encourages the use of the new system for recording the remainder of the Durrington assemblage and for the recording of other assemblages either to boost the information given by mandibles, or to gain information based on maxillae where mandibles are sparse or badly damaged.

Creator

Elizabeth Wright, University of Sheffield

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Citation

Elizabeth Wright, University of Sheffield. "A new system for recording tooth wear on pig teeth and its application to the Neolithic assemblage of Durrington Walls (Wiltshire, UK) (Elizabeth Wright)," in BoneCommons, Item #881, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/881 (accessed August 9, 2020).

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File: 2.Elizabeth wright- Pig teeth durrington.ppt