Presence of prehispanic domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) among hunter-gatherer groups of southern South America

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  • Presence of prehispanic domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) among hunter-gatherer groups of southern South America

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Title


Presence of prehispanic domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) among hunter-gatherer groups of southern South America

Subject

S1-5, Advances in Neotropical Zooarchaeology, poster

Description

Abstract:

Between 1970 to 1980 a series of canid remains recovered in different archaeological sites, the southern extreme of South America, particularly in Pampa and Patagonia generated an important discussion concerning whether prehispanic dogs had actually existed in the region. Recent evidence recovered by several teams investigating hunter-gatherer sites in the southeast and central eastern area of the Pampean region and an area of northern Patagonia firmly establish the presence of Canis familiaris among those groups inhabiting the area during late Holocene.

The main objective of this work is to present data on C. familiaris recovered in two sites, both located in the southern extreme of the Plata Basin, in which we have verified its presence. We discuss several aspects related to the origin and presence of dogs. We also consider some behavioral issues which characterized hunter gatherer groups in the area and take in account interpretations of other investigators working in other Pampean areas and Patagonia. We discuss the causes of their late appearance and low frequency in southern South American hunter gatherer sites, particularly in the vast territory extending from parallel 32º to the south of the subcontinent.

Authors:

ACOSTA Alejandro and LOPONTE Daniel

Affiliations

CONICET/Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano. Postal address: 3 de febrero 1378, Buenos Aires, Argentina (C1426BJN), acosta@mail.retina.ar;
dashtown@gmail.com

Creator

Acosta, Alejandro
Loponte, Daniel

Date

August 2010

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Citation

Acosta, Alejandro and Loponte, Daniel. " Presence of prehispanic domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) among hunter-gatherer groups of southern South America ," in BoneCommons, Item #920, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/920 (accessed August 7, 2020).