A preliminary analysis of faunal remains unearthed from the Shangcheng site, Shanxi province

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  • A preliminary analysis of faunal remains unearthed from the Shangcheng site, Shanxi province

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Title

A preliminary analysis of faunal remains unearthed from the Shangcheng site, Shanxi province

Subject

S4-1, Contributions of archaeozoology to the study of human societies in South, Southeast, and East Asia from the Paleolithic to the premodern era, poster

Description

Abstract:

Large numbers of faunal remains have been recovered from the Shang city of Yuanqu, excavated 1986–2003. Located in Yuanqu County, Shanxi Province, the site dates from the late Yangshao, late Erlitou, early Erligang, & late Erligang periods to the Song Dynasty (ca. 5500–1000 BP). Many species of mollusks, fish, birds, & mammals have been identified, with pig being the most frequent.

Study of the material leads to the following conclusions:

1) The freshwater mollusk species Margaritanopsis laosensis & Cipangopaludina cathayensis are similar to those from Zengpiyan cave in Guilin, Guangxi Province, indicating that the environment around the Shang city at Yuanqu might have resembled that of Guilin. As for mammals, 20 species reveal their abundance, which might relate to a warm & moist climate and to a diversity of habitats. The presence of Cervus nippon & C. elaphus indicates a mixed forest, bush, and grassland environment especially for the Yangshao–late Erligang periods.

2) There were many pigs in the Yangshao culture. Based on their ages at death, they were probably domesticated. Cattle & caprines were initially absent, appearing during the late Erlitou period. Their ages at death also suggest domestication.

3) Yuanqu city was an urban center of the early Shang dynasty (early–late Erligang: 3400–3200 BP). Based on the faunal remains, meat consumption seems to have increased from the lower to upper layers of the Erligang, reflecting an increasing population at the site.

Authors:

AN Jiayuan

Affiliations

The National Museum of China, Tian An Men Square East Side, Tongchengda Plaza,26 Jinganli Road,Chaoyang District, 100006, Beijing, CHINA. anjyuan@sohu.com

Creator

An, Jiayuan

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

An, Jiayuan. "A preliminary analysis of faunal remains unearthed from the Shangcheng site, Shanxi province ," in BoneCommons, Item #929, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/929 (accessed December 6, 2019).

License

Creative Commons License