The management of landscape and resources by Neanderthals during the Eemian interglacial in North-West Europe: the Middle Palaeolithic Butchery site of Caours (Abbeville, Somme, France)

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  • The management of landscape and resources by Neanderthals during the Eemian interglacial in North-West Europe: the Middle Palaeolithic Butchery site of Caours (Abbeville, Somme, France)

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Title


The management of landscape and resources by Neanderthals during the Eemian interglacial in North-West Europe: the Middle Palaeolithic Butchery site of Caours (Abbeville, Somme, France)

Subject

S4-3, Hominin Subsistence in the Old World
during the Pleistocene and Early Holocene, oral

Description

Abstract:

At Caours, a tufa sequence dated at ca. 123 ka BP, overlies the alluvial sequence of the very low terrace. This tufa deposits have provided rich land snail assemblages showing the evolution from an open environment to the optimum of the last interglacial (MIS 5e). Four undisturbed Middle Palaeolithic levels have been found at the base of the tufa sequence and within the upper part of the underlying silts. They have been excavated over several hundred square meters, involving large animals and lithic assemblages. The large mammal remains consists only with forms of temperate climate and environment dominated by forest, but still including grassland patches. The Red Deer is the best represented species, followed by the Fallow Deer and the Aurochs. The anatomical representation, the characterization of ages at death, the numerous anthropic actions on bones (cut-marks, breakage of long bones) and spatial distribution (with areas of combustion) deliver very detailed information about the procedures used for the acquisition and the processing of these animals by Neanderthals. The flint stone industry is characterized by the production of unretouched flakes for butchery operations. The various occupations characterize Caours as a butchery site in an intermediate position between kill sites and longer occupations, related to short halts in the context of a dynamic process of management resources within the territory covered by the Neanderthals. This site is an exceptional case of recurrent human occupation during the Eemian in the North-West Europe.

Authors:

AUGUSTE Patrick1, LOCHT Jean-Luc2, ANTOINE Pierre3 and LIMONDIN-LOZOUET Nicole3

Affiliations

1 UMR 8157 CNRS, Laboratoire Géosystèmes, Université de Lille 1, Bât. SN5, F-59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq Cedex, FRANCE. Patrick.Auguste@univ-lille1.fr
2 Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives (INRAP), 517 rue Saint-Fuscien, F- 80000 Amiens, FRANCE. jean-luc.locht@inrap.fr
3 UMR 8591 CNRS, Laboratoire de Géographie Physique, 1 place A. Briand, F-92195 Meudon Cedex, FRANCE. Pierre.Antoine@cnrs-bellevue.fr, Nicole.Limondin@cnrs-bellevue.fr

Creator

Auguste, Patrick
Locht, Jean-Luc
Antoine, Pierre
Limondin-Lozouet, Nicole

Date

August 2010

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Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Auguste, Patrick, Locht, Jean-Luc, Antoine, Pierre and Limondin-Lozouet, Nicole. " The management of landscape and resources by Neanderthals during the Eemian interglacial in North-West Europe: the Middle Palaeolithic Butchery site of Caours (Abbeville, Somme, France) ," in BoneCommons, Item #944, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/944 (accessed August 7, 2020).