Hunting pattern of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant: a view from the late fourth millennium level at Tell Kuran, north-east Syria

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  • Hunting pattern of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant: a view from the late fourth millennium level at Tell Kuran, north-east Syria

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Title


Hunting pattern of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant: a view from the late fourth millennium level at Tell Kuran, north-east Syria

Subject

S5-2, S6-3, General session, poster

Description

Abstract:

We present results of our ongoing research on the exploitation and hunting patterns of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant. Here we focus on a single deposit of densely packed gazelle bones from the late fourth millennium at Tell Kuran, located at the Khabur Basin, north-eastern Syria. It comprises solely of Persian gazelle bones (NISP>3500; MNI>100), most of which are lower foot bones. Signs of butchery marks and dog ravaging on bones are plentiful. The predominance of low utility carcass units with butchery marks, coupled with low rate of bone fragmentation and the absence of burnt bones, indicate that the assemblage represent a primary butchery deposit. The demographic profile of the hunted population contains adequate representation of male and female from all age classes. It also comprises of several unworn dP4 of neonatal individuals. Such a catastrophic profile indicates that an entire gazelle herd was slaughtered in a single killing episode. It also entails that killing occurred in the summer. It can be suggested that the gazelle hunting involved the use of dogs. Such a scenario accords with the presence of numerous ‘desert kite’ game traps within a short distance from the site, as well as with historical evidence that manifests the use of such traps for communal hunting until recent times.

Authors:

BAR-OZ Guy1 and ZEDER Melinda A.2

Affiliations

1 Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel, guybar@research.haifa.ac.il
2 Archaeobiology Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA, ZEDERM@si.edu

Creator

Bar-Oz, Guy
Zeder, Melinda A.

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Bar-Oz, Guy and Zeder, Melinda A.. " Hunting pattern of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant: a view from the late fourth millennium level at Tell Kuran, north-east Syria ," in BoneCommons, Item #957, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/957 (accessed August 7, 2020).