Who is who’s handmaiden? Historicism, archaeology and archaeozoology in Hungary

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  • Who is who’s handmaiden? Historicism, archaeology and archaeozoology in Hungary

Dublin Core

Title

Who is who’s handmaiden? Historicism, archaeology and archaeozoology in Hungary

Subject

S7-3, Archaeozoology in Central and Eastern Europe, oral

Description

Abstract:

Archaeology has often been referred to in Hungary as the “handmaiden” of the scholarly field of history. A late 19th century historicist paradigm has permeated much of archaeology in Central Europe. Evolutionary theory and its effect on classical Marxist social theory became well established in Hungarian archaeology by the early 20th century. They served, however, a reconstruction of history. In this setup, the analysis of animal remains has been usually delegated to natural sciences, considered auxiliary to traditional archaeological inquiry. The feedback by specialists was often not considered, as indeed, paleontologist and veterinarians tended to evaluate archaeozoological finds from their own professional perspectives neglecting questions of culture-historical interest. This trend was, to some extent, driven by caution: responsible naturalists often refrained from drawing simplistic conclusions, and when they sometimes did, they usually failed. This situation is summed up in the traditionally Central-Eastern European term archaeozoology, a form of applied science in the service of archaeology. Recently, however, a new generation of archaeologists has expressed interest in animal bones; therefore the profession is represented by an admixture of archaeozoologists and zoologists in Hungary. While sharing a basic training in animal bone identification, these experts of varying backgrounds often have skills that are complementary between the two groups. Convergence between the two attitudes to the analysis of animal bones has a beneficial effect on the position of our field that can thus develop a more equal partnership with archaeology.

Authors:

BARTOSIEWICZ László

Affiliations

Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Loránd Eötvös University, Múzeum Krt. 4/B, 1088 Budapest, Hungary. bartwicz@yahoo.com

Creator

Bartosiewicz, László

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Bartosiewicz, László. "Who is who’s handmaiden? Historicism, archaeology and archaeozoology in Hungary," in BoneCommons, Item #959, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/959 (accessed August 9, 2020).

License

Creative Commons License

File: Archaeozoo_Hungary_Bartwicz_ICAZ2010_Poster.pdf