Life in the Neotropical Forest: contribution to the knowledge of hunters-gatherers groups in the Atlantic Rainforest during the Holocene, with faunal remains analysis from a riverine shell mound Laranjal, southeast of Brazil

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  • Life in the Neotropical Forest: contribution to the knowledge of hunters-gatherers groups in the Atlantic Rainforest during the Holocene, with faunal remains analysis from a riverine shell mound Laranjal, southeast of Brazil

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Title


Life in the Neotropical Forest: contribution to the knowledge of hunters-gatherers groups in the Atlantic Rainforest during the Holocene, with faunal remains analysis from a riverine shell mound Laranjal, southeast of Brazil

Subject

S1-5, Advances in Neotropical Zooarchaeology, oral

Description

Abstract:

This work presents the results of the analysis of vertebrate and invertebrate fauna remains from a riverine shell mound, in the Ribeira de Iguape Valley, São Paulo State, south-east of Brazil. The Atlantic rainforest is one of the most important biodiversity “hotspots” of planet. This forest was inhabited by hunters-gatherer’s groups at the beginning of the Holocene, as testified by riverine shell mounds (oldest dates from 9250 to 1200 yrs BP). In this context, the Laranjal site is dated from the middle Holocene (6015 - 5695 cal. BC; 6890±90 yrs BP).

Zooarchaeological analyses illustrating prey choice, different uses of animals, ecosystems and natural resources exploited, testify to the human role in this Neotropical environment. These analyses help to define hunter-gatherer subsistence, and to understand their Neotropical forest management choices.

The analyzed sample shows high taxanomic richness (62 taxa), with high diversity and relatively similar frequencies among the exploited taxa. This pattern suggests an open and widespread way of subsistence, with little specialization, and an opportunistic exploitation of a few taxa.

The study of this riverine shell mound fauna is particularly important for the research in Latin America, because it contributes to the definition of the hunters-gatherers societies in Neotropical context, and to the ecological history of the Atlantic Rainforest.

Authors:

BORGES Caroline, GROUARD Sandrine and LEVY Figuti

Affiliations

UMR 7209/USM 303, CNRS/MNHN, INEE/Dpt EGB, Archéozoologie, archéobotanique : sociétés, pratiques, environnement, 55 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France. arqueocarol@gmail.com; grouard@mnhn.fr

Creator

Borges, Caroline
Grouard, Sandrine
Levy, Figuti

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Borges, Caroline, Grouard, Sandrine and Levy, Figuti. " Life in the Neotropical Forest: contribution to the knowledge of hunters-gatherers groups in the Atlantic Rainforest during the Holocene, with faunal remains analysis from a riverine shell mound Laranjal, southeast of Brazil ," in BoneCommons, Item #990, http://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/990 (accessed August 7, 2020).