Molluscs from Cova Fosca: a 6,000 years cultural and environmental record from eastern Spain

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  • Molluscs from Cova Fosca: a 6,000 years cultural and environmental record from eastern Spain

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Title


Molluscs from Cova Fosca: a 6,000 years cultural and environmental record from eastern Spain

Subject

S6-1, S3-4 Archaeomalacology: shells in the archaeological record, poster

Description

Abstract:

Mollusc remains from the site of Cova Fosca allow for the study of natural and anthropic processes evidencing the nature of the human occupation of this shelter covering the first half of the Holocene. Neither the majority of pulmonates nor the minority of marine shells represent meal leftovers, each group revealing different aspects of the occupation and environment around the site. The small size (7-30mm) of the dominant pulmonates (Pomatias elegans (75% NISP) and Rumina decollata (18%), and the scarcity of human traces in them, indicate their intrusive character. Together with the remaining pulmonates (8 species), they testify to the shifting climatic conditions from the Epipaleolithic until the Late Neolithic. The marine molluscs represented either tools or ornaments. Their presence is significantly and negatively correlated with that of the pulmonates. Since the abundance of the later correlates with that of intrusive microvertebrates, the abundance of these two groups can be taken as a proxy for the cyclical abandonment of the cave. A pattern that requires further analysis is the differential burning in the three major groups. Given the globular shape of Pomatias elegans (11% burned) vs. the streamlined Rumina decollata (4% burned), such differences may reveal the depth at which the animals buried into the soil. The marine molluscs (0.5% burned) probably lied scattered across the occupation floors, standing higher chances of direct contact with fire.

Authors:

LLORENTE Laura and DE FRANCISCO Carmen, DAZA Arantxa, CIRUJANO FERNANDO, LIESAU Corina and MORALES-MUÑIZ Arturo

Affiliations

Chair of Zoology, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, C/ Darwin, 2, E 28049, Madrid, SPAIN, arturo.morales@uam.es

Creator

Llorente, Laura &
Morales-Muñiz, Arturo
De Francisco Daza Cirujano Fernando, Liesau, Carmen, Arantxa, Corina

Date

August 2010

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Citation

Llorente, Laura &, Morales-Muñiz, Arturo and De Francisco Daza Cirujano Fernando, Liesau, Carmen, Arantxa, Corina. " Molluscs from Cova Fosca: a 6,000 years cultural and environmental record from eastern Spain ," in BoneCommons, Item #1323, https://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1323 (accessed December 13, 2018).