Neanderthal Subsistence at Kabazi II (Crimea): The New Data


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Neanderthal Subsistence at Kabazi II (Crimea): The New Data


S5-4, Variability in Human Hunting Behavior During Oxygen Isotope Stages (OIS) 4/3: Implications for Understanding Modern Human Origins, oral



It has been widely accepted that the disappearance and subsequent replacement of the Neanderthals by anatomically modern humans occurred in Europe between 35 000 and 30 000 BP. However, in certain regions such as the Crimea, the archaeological record suggests that Neanderthal populations may have persisted up until 27 000 BP (McKinney1998, p. 347; Rink et al 1998, pp. 327, 333). The focus of our research has been on the subsistence practices at an open-air Middle Paleolithic site, Kabazi II which is situated within the second chain of the Crimean Mountains. Discovered in 1986, and intensively excavated from 1987 to the mid 1990’s, Kabazi II served as a kill and butchery site for Neanderthal groups in the area. Previous faunal analyses at Kabazi II (Patou-Mathis 2003, 1998, 2005, 2006) indicate that the subsistence strategies of the Neanderthals at Kabazi II were highly specialized and were primarily focused on hunting small herds of Equus hydruntinus. This paper presents the analysis of previously unexamined faunal assemblages from upper-most levels of the Western Crimean Mousterian sequence, in other words, those that correspond with the disappearance of Neanderthals from the archaeological record in that region. We will examine how new materials contribute to our understanding of the site as well as how this site articulates with the nearby sites of Kabazi V (Burke 1999; Patou-Mathis 2007) and Starosel’e (Burke 1998).


PATENAUDE Benjamin¹, PATOU-MATHIS Marylène² and BURKE Ariane¹


1 Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3C 3J7. ;
2 Institut de Paléontologie Humaine, 1 Rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris, France.


Patenaude, Benjamin¹
Patou-Mathis, Marylène²
Burke, Ariane¹


August 2010

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Patenaude, Benjamin¹, Patou-Mathis, Marylène² and Burke, Ariane¹. " Neanderthal Subsistence at Kabazi II (Crimea): The New Data ," in BoneCommons, Item #1439, (accessed September 19, 2019).