Vela spila (Korula, Croatia): preliminary results of human dietary adaptations on the adriatic plain during the last glacial maximum and thereafter

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  • Vela spila (Korula, Croatia): preliminary results of human dietary adaptations on the adriatic plain during the last glacial maximum and thereafter

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Title


Vela spila (Korula, Croatia): preliminary results of human dietary adaptations on the adriatic plain during the last glacial maximum and thereafter

Subject

S7-3, Archaeozoology in Central and Eastern Europe, poster

Description

Abstract:

The Late Upper Pleistocene (LUP) was a time of cold climatic conditions in Europe, especially during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) c. 20 – 18,000 BP. As a result, humans would have faced severe survival conditions due to the diminished availability of resources. It is generally assumed that this resulted in an impoverishment of the subsistence base, as well as migrations to more ‘favourable’ areas (i.e. refugia). Zooarchaeological research has the potential to address these issues by looking at the quality, quantity and characteristics of faunal assemblages during the LUP. Was human diet impoverished (i.e. were humans hungry) or were novel modifications introduced? Were humans able to survive throughout Europe or did they move to refugia? If so, what subsistence practices took place at these human-saturated ‘pockets’? Archaeological research is taking place at Vela Spila cave, located on Korula island (Croatia), although part of the Adriatic Plain during the LUP. Given its rich and continuous stratigraphic sequence, beginning in the LGM (19395±366 BP), it offers a unique opportunity for the study of LUP dietary adaptations and assessing SE European refugia. Results up until now show interesting dietary choices, with Cervus elaphus as the ‘dominant’ species throughout the LUP – with values of up to +90% of NISP –, followed by Equus sp. (hydruntinus?) and other smaller-sized species (e.g. Lepus europaeus). The LUP economic importance of red deer will be assessed, and so will the changes in representation of other ‘secondary’ species.

Authors:

SPRY-MARQUES Victoria Pia, RADOVIC Siniša and MIRACLE Preston

Affiliations

PhD Student, University of Cambridge, RADOVIC Siniša, MIRACLE Preston, Dinko, Downing Street, CB2 3DZ, Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM, vps27@cam.ac.uk

Creator

Spry-Marques, Victoria Pia
Radovic, Siniša
Miracle, Preston

Date

August 2010

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Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Spry-Marques, Victoria Pia, Radovic, Siniša and Miracle, Preston. " Vela spila (Korula, Croatia): preliminary results of human dietary adaptations on the adriatic plain during the last glacial maximum and thereafter ," in BoneCommons, Item #1551, https://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1551 (accessed October 30, 2020).