Late antique Tonovcov grad (Slovenia): a local capital amid the chaos of a crumbling empire

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  • Late antique Tonovcov grad (Slovenia): a local capital amid the chaos of a crumbling empire

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Title


Late antique Tonovcov grad (Slovenia): a local capital amid the chaos of a crumbling empire

Subject

S2-3, Empires, oral

Description

Abstract:

In the past decades several Roman Imperial sites ranging from villas to urban centres has been studied in Slovenia and North-eastern Italy, allowing us to gain a solid understanding of the characteristics of the husbandry and the livestock in that area during the first three centuries ACE. Much less is known about the production, supply and use of faunal resources in the Late Antiquity, which is in great part to be ascribed to a much slimmer body of (published) data. The over 18,500 animal remains (NISP = 5,621) collected at Tonovcov grad, a Late Antique local centre in Western Slovenia, thus provided a good opportunity to obtain a deeper insights into the cultural transformation and change in animal husbandry triggered by the unstable political and security situation in the 4th–6th centuries ACE. By dealing with a variety of zooarchaeological methods and approaches, including biometry, mortality curves and butchery patterns, we tried to evaluate how change (or the lack of it) in the intensity of production, taxonomic richness of livestock (both in terms of species and phenotypes), local and long-distance supply systems as well as social stratification of the population were determined by the chaos of the crumbling empire. The results indicated Tonovcov grad to have been an economically rather autarchic settlement. The husbandry was based on small size animals of primitive local forms, with sheep-husbandry progressively gaining more and more ground on expanse of cattle.

Authors:

TOŠKAN Borut

Affiliations

Institute of Archaeology ZRC SAZU, Novi trg 2, P.O. Box 306, SI-1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia,
borut-toskan@zrc-sazu.si

Creator

Toškan, Borut

Date

August 2010

Contribution Form

Document Item Type Metadata

Citation

Toškan, Borut. " Late antique Tonovcov grad (Slovenia): a local capital amid the chaos of a crumbling empire ," in BoneCommons, Item #1598, https://alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/items/show/1598 (accessed November 14, 2018).